Climate change is pronounced in Mongolia with an increase of the mean annual temperature of 2.1°C between 1940 and 2007.
This has been accelerating in recent years causing visible changes to Mongolian grasslands and water sources. We intend to speak to communities to understand how several environmental disasters such as extreme winters ('dzuds') and droughts have affected their lives.
Transitioning from life within nomadism to the periphery of the capital city
We will be speaking to communities and individuals living in the ger areas of UB. ‘Ger’ means home in Mongolian and refers to the round, felt tents that Mongolian nomads have lived in for centuries. 'Ger areas' refer to the marginalised regions of city districts that encircle UB.
Ulaanbaatar has the largest numbers of migrants, and with little affordable housing available, most settle in these ‘ger’ areas. Many families have upgraded to detached houses on their plots of land, but almost all ‘ger areas’ suffer from poor public service provision, and generally have greater poverty rates than apartment area. .
Encroachment of the gobi desert in the southern region of Mongolia because of global warming